Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs


According to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, which suggested that before students meet their full potential, they need to satisfy a series of needs. What is the needs that did not meet if the student feel lonely and rejected?

  • Self Esteem Needs
  • Belonging Needs
  • Safety Needs
  • Self-Actualization Needs

 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

  • Maslow wanted to understand what motivated
  • He believed that individuals possessed a SET OF MOTIVATION SYSTEM unrelated to


  • He stated that people are motivated to achieve certain NEEDS, and when one need is fulfilled, they seek to fulfill the next, and so

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs include five motivational needs and is depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid as given above.

  • These are the five BASIC (OR DEFICIENCY) NEEDS: (physiological, Safety, belonging, Self-esteem and self-actualization).
  • These needs are said to motivate people when they are
  • The need to fulfill such needs will grow stronger when the duration of denial is (longer the denial, stronger the urge to fulfill the needs) Eg: The longer food is denied, stronger the hunger or need to eat.
  • One must fulfill the basic level needs before progressing to the upper level
  • When these needs are reasonably satisfied, one might reach self-Actualization.
  • Every person is capable to fulfill the needs, and also has the desire to do so, but failures disrupt the progress often. Life experiences and losses can cause fluctuations between the levels of

Expanded Hierarchy Needs: (Changes later made to the original 5 stage model)

  1. Biological and Physiological needs – air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep,
  2. Safety needs – protection from elements, security, order, law, limits, stability,
  3. Social Needs – Belongingness and Love, – work group, family, affection, relationships, etc.
  4. Esteem needs – self-esteem, achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, managerial responsibility,
  5. Cognitive needs – knowledge, meaning,
  6. Aesthetic needs – appreciation and search for beauty, balance, form,
  7. Self-Actualization needs – realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak
  8. Transcendence needs – helping others to achieve self-actualization.
Categories: Pedagogy


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